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About Jordan

Fast Facts

Welcome to the Royal Jordanian Geographic Centre (RJGC)

Population: 6,407,085 (2010) 
Capital: Amman; 1,237,000 
Area: 89,342 square kilometers 
Language: Arabic, English 
Religion: Sunni Muslim, 
Christian Currency: Jordanian 

Jordan is located in the Middle East and borders Syria, Saudi Arabia, the Red Sea, Palestine, Israel, and Iraq. Covering some 89,342 sq. km. it is located at 31 00 N, 36 00 E. Jordan's only port is at its southern tip, at the Gulf of Aqaba. Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert however; the north-western part of Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. 

Jordan consists of arid plateau in the east irrigated by oasis and seasonal water streams, with highland area in the west of arable land and Mediterranean evergreen forestry. The highest point in the country is Jabal Umm al Dami, it is 1,854 m above sea level, its top is also covered with snow, while the lowest is the Dead Sea -420 m. Jordan is part of a region considered to be "the cradle of civilization", the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent.

Major cities include the capital Amman in the northwest, Irbid, Jerash and Zarqa, in the north. 
Madaba, Karak and Aqaba in the south.

Climate The climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer with average temperature in the mid 30°C and relatively cold in winter averaging around 13 °C. The western part of the country receives greater precipitation during the winter season from November to March and snowfall in Amman (756 m ~ 1,280 m above sea-level) and Western Heights of 500 m. Excluding the rift valley the rest of the country is entirely above 300 m. With hot, dry summers and cool winters during which practically all of the precipitation occurs, the country has a Mediterranean-style climate. 

Administrative Divisions
The Administrative Divisions system by the Ministry of Interior divided Jordan into 12 provinces called governorates, each headed by a governor appointed by the king.
1- Capital Governorates (Amman)
2- Irbid Governorates 
3- Zarqa Governorates 4- Balqa Governorates 
5- Mafraq Governorates 
6- Jerash Governorates 7- Ajloun Governorates 
8- Madaba Governorates 
9- Karak Governorates 10- Tafilah Governorates 
11- Ma’an Governorates 
12-Aqaba Governorates 

Natural Resources Although Jordan is a generally resource-poor country, Jordan does contain significant deposits of both oil shale and sources of uranium; these potential sources of indigenous energy have been the focus of renewed interest in recent years.

Jordan, however, is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world and considerable water is required to develop these resources, particularly oil shale. There are very limited resources of timber and forestry products and timbering is strictly limited by Jordan's environmentalists.

The most important industries in Jordan are: cement, fertilizers, petroleum refining, iron and steel industry, electricity, foodstuffs, textiles and fabrics, leather industries in addition to potash and phosphate.